Anal cancer, or cancer of the anus, is rare but increasing. The HPV type most commonly associated with anal cancer is HPV 16.
Penile cancer, or cancer of the penis, is a more rare type of cancer representing less than one percent of cancers in men. Generally, penile cancer affects the head or foreskin of the penis rather than the shaft of the penis. The two HPV types most commonly associated with penile cancer are HPV 16 and 18.
Head and neck cancer, also known as mouth and throat cancer, includes cancer of the mouth as well as cancer of the nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, larynx and lymph nodes in the neck. HPV-related head and neck (mouth and throat) cancers are increasing. These are linked to the spread of HPV by having oral sex with a person who is infected with the virus. The HPV type most commonly associated with head and neck (mouth and throat) cancer is HPV 16.
Vulvar and vaginal cancers, are more rare types of cancers representing approximately 3% of all gynaecologic cancers, but the number of women affected is increasing. There are two types of vulvar cancer. One is associated with HPV infection and tends to occur in younger women. The other is associated with vulvar skin disease and is more frequently found in older women. The two HPV types most commonly associated with vulvar and vaginal cancers are HPV 16 and 18.